Bald Eagle

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Bald Eagle
Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle is a large and majestic bird, and is the subject of much folklore. It is also chosen by many to be a representation of American ideals and the United States. The Bald Eagle is a protected species and has been on the endangered species list in the recent past, but was recently taken off that list.

Content List

1. Scientific & Common Names

2. Characteristics

a. Breeding

b. Behavior

3. History

4. Present Status

5. References

Scientific & Common Names

Kingdom - Animalia

Class - Aves

Order - Accipitriformes

Family - Accipitridae

Genus - Haliaeetus

Species - H. leucocephalus

Common Name - Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle, Southern Bald Eagle.


The Bald Eagle is known for its majestic head, large beak, and massive wingspan. The Bald Eagle is a bird of prey and can be found across North America, but is largely concentrated in Canada and the United States.


The Bald Eagle reaches adulthood and breeding age at four to five years of age. The Bald Eagle goes through an elaborate courtship ritual and usually mates for life. The Bald Eagle can lay up to seven eggs, and these hatch between April and May.


The Bald Eagle has a massive wingspan that helps him or her fly at speeds of up to 70 miles per hour. This bird is a bird of prey and largely feasts on fish and other water-going creatures. As a result, the Bald Eagle will typically make its nest near large bodies of water to be close to food. They will also eat small rodents and other small animals.


The Bald Eagle was first documented in 1766. It can be found in much of North America. The Bald Eagle has an average life span of around 20 years when in the wild.

Present Status

Bald Eagles live largely in the wild. However, by obtaining the proper permits, private citizens and wildlife refuges may harbor these birds. The Bald Eagle was on the endangered species list for many years but was recently removed from this list. The Bald Eagle is the national bird and the national animal for the United States of America.