The Golden Retriever, also known as the Golden, is a large breed of dog and considered to be one of the sporting breeds. The Golden Retriever is a very high energy dog and is popular with those who lead active lifestyles and enjoy the great outdoors.
1. Scientific & Common Names
6. Present Status
Scientific & Common Names
The scientific name for this breed of dog is "Golden Retriever - Canis lupus familiaris." The Golden Retriever is also affectionately called the "Golden."
The Golden Retriever is a large breed dog. The Golden stands between 20 and 24 inches tall at his shoulder. The Golden Retriever weighs between 60 and 75 pounds. He has a coat that is yellow, golden, blond or cream in color. The coat is thick, full and long.
The Golden Retriever is classified among the sporting group of dogs. This dog was originally bred for hunting purposes. This dog has a lifespan of ten to twelve years of age.
The Golden Retriever is very active and needs lots of exercise. Several long, brisk walks per day are great for this dog. Goldens also love to play fetch, so frequent trips to the local dog park are also great. When not exercised properly, the Golden will become destructive and begin to gain weight. The Golden is also fiercely loyal and very pack-oriented. This dog does best when living indoors with other human and canine members of his pack. Goldens that are kenneled or left outside become bored and despondent, as the Golden is a very people-oriented breed.
The Golden Retriever was originally bred in the Scottish Highlands in the late 19th century. This dog was bred to assist in hunting endeavors. The Irish Setter, bloodhound, and now-extinct Tweed Water Spaniel were bred to produce the first Golden Retrievers. The breed became recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925.
The Golden Retriever breed is popular among those who like to run, hike and do outdoor activities. Goldens are also great service dogs. They are popular as Seeing Eye Dogs for the blind and guide dogs for the hearing impaired or those with seizure disorders or traumatic brain injuries.