Loch Ness Monster
Nessie, or the Loch Ness Monster, is reputedly a large unknown animal that inhabits Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. Popular interest and belief in the animal's existence has varied since it was first brought to the world's attention in 1933. Evidence of its existence is anecdotal, with minimal and much-disputed photographic material and sonar readings.
The most common speculation among believers is that the creature represents a line of long-surviving plesiosaurs.
Scientific & Common Names
The Loch Ness Monster, Nessie, or Niseag (Scottish Gaelic).
Most often described as long-necked, small-headed and flippered, Nessie allegedly is up to 60 feet long.
On 4 August 1933, the Inverness Courier published as a full news item with the assertion of a London man, George Spicer, that a few weeks earlier while motoring around the Loch, he and his wife had seen "the nearest approach to a dragon or pre-historic animal that I have ever seen in my life", trundling across the road toward the Loch carrying "an animal" in its mouth.
The couple described the creature as having a large body (almost 4 feet high and 25 ft long), and long, narrow neck, slightly thicker than an elephant's trunk and as long as the 10–12-foot width of the road; the neck had undulations in it.
In 1938, Inverness-shire Chief Constable William Fraser wrote a letter stating that it was beyond doubt the monster existed. His letter expressed concern regarding a hunting party that had arrived armed with a specially-made harpoon gun and were determined to catch the monster "dead or alive". He believed his power to protect the monster from the hunters was "very doubtful". The letter was released by the National Archives of Scotland on 27 April 2010.
Nessie’s most famous picture, supposedly taken by Robert Kenneth Wilson, a London gynecologist, and published in the UK’s Daily Mail on April 21, 1934, it shows a head and neck sticking out of water. It was revealed as a fake in the UK’s Sunday Telegraph newspaper on December 7, 1975.
Many other photographs, films, and sonar studies have been made, but none have been conclusive in proving her existence. Many have been outed as hoaxes.
Scientific explorations of the Loch are complicated by its sheer size. There is more water in Loch Ness than all the other lakes in England, Scotland and Wales put together, and more water than all five American/Canadian Great Lakes combined. It holds 263 thousand million cubic feet of water, which is around 16 million 430 thousand million gallons of water. It is around twenty two and a half miles long and between one and one and a half miles wide, with a depth of 754 feet.
"Monster of Loch Ness, The." Monster of Loch Ness, The. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 June 2014. http://www.pantheon.org/articles/m/monster_of_loch_ness.html
"The Legend of Nessie the Ultimate Loch Ness Monster Site." The Legend of Nessie the Ultimate Loch Ness Monster Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 June 2014. http://www.nessie.co.uk/
"Lockness monster." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 May 2014. Web. 8 June 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockness_monster