Also known as the lute turtle, the leatherback sea turtle is the largest of all living turtles and is the second heaviest known reptile, with the first being the crocodile. Unlike other turtles, it lacks a bony shell and is instead protected by thick layers of skin and flesh.
1. Scientific & Common Names
4. Present Status
Scientific & Common Names
Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Reptilia
Subclass - Elasmobranchii
Order - Testudines
Suborder - Cryptodira
Clade - Americhelydia
Family - Dermochelyidae
Genus – Dermochelys
Species – D. coriacea
Common Names – Leatherback, Lute Turtle, Leathery Turtle
Known to be quite docile, this gentle giant wouldn’t mind you coming over for a closer look! Leatherbacks are the largest species of sea turtle, and their shells aren't hard like other turtles (which is how they get their name).
Adult male leatherbacks never leave the ocean, but females travel onto the beach to lay eggs. Pacific turtles migrate from nesting sites in Indonesia to California (6000 miles away) to eat jellyfish.
Leatherbacks feed almost exclusively on jellyfish. They live in the open ocean and migrate thousands of miles to find food sources.
Because of their enormous size, leatherback sea turtles have exceedingly few natural predators when they mature, and are mostly vulnerable during the early stages of their lives. However, they are ultimately considered vulnerable due to human activities, the most detrimental of which is pollution.
Plastic bags are particularly harmful to Leatherbacks, as they can mistake them for the jellyfish they eat and suffocate. They are also caught accidentally in fishing nets, and are listed as Vulnerable by the Inernational Union for Conservation of Nature.